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城市低碳評價指標體系研究進展

發布時間:2019-02-13

文章中文名稱:城市低碳評價指標體系研究進展
文章英文名稱:Research Progress on Urban Low-Carbon Index Evaluation         

作者中文名:尚麗 蘇昕 汪鳴泉 王茂華 
作者英文名:SHANG Li;SU Xin;WANG Mingquan;WANG Maohua
 

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中文摘要
全球人為源碳排放的70% 來自于城市,科學的城市低碳評價指標體系可以為城市碳減排指明方向。本文從與城市低碳發展相關的標準規范、評價體系的構建以及評價指標的應用三大方面,對城市低碳評價的指標體系進行梳理分析,發現:①我國城市生態發展相關的政策較為完善,但是專注于城市低碳領域的標準或指南體系尚未建立;②不同城市低碳評價的準則不相同,指標的選取各有側重,導致城市之間低碳發展的可比性較差;③基于統計數據的城市低碳評價時效性相對滯后,且忽略了與城市碳排放空間相關的特征,已有評價體系較少包含時空信息的指標。最后,本文從政策完善、數據獲取以及指標體系的構建等方面提出建議,為建立全國性城市低碳評價指標體系提供參考。在我國當前城市轉型發展的宏觀背景下,“生態修復、城市修補”的實踐將有助于探索我國城市轉型階段的發展之路。本文以三亞實踐為例,從城市發展建設的現狀、“生態修復、城市修補”實施的策略及其工作啟示三個層面來探求“城市雙修”實施的路徑。

 

英文摘要
The study of urban carbon emissions is significantly important as it accounts for 70% of global anthropogenic carbon emissions. The scientific urban low-carbon evaluation can specify the development direction of carbon emission reduction. This paper studies the index system of low-carbon evaluation from three aspects, which are the related standards of urban low-carbon development, the construction of evaluation system and the application of evaluation index. Several conclusions are achieved: ① The standards or guidance with a focus on low-carbon development have not been established, although the policies on urban ecological development have been relatively completed in China; ② The comparability of low-carbon development between cities is poor, mainly due to the difference in evaluation criteria and indicator selection; ③ The existing low carbon evaluation system, which is mainly based on statistical data, has defects on timeliness and spatial characteristics. There are fewer indicators containing temporal-spatial information in the current evaluation system. In the end, several suggestions have been proposed on the policy improvement, data acquisition and index system construction, aiming to provide references for the establishment of national index system on urban low-carbon evaluation.

 

中文關鍵詞:低碳評價,指標體系,時空信息
英文關鍵詞:low-carbon evaluation, indicator system, temporal-spatial information 
作者單位:中國科學院上海高等研究院

 

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